Last year, we finished with our review of Spurgeon’s Catechism as published each Sunday on the back of our bulletin.
Beginning this year, 2020, we will be taking a look at one or more questions in the Heidelberg Catechism in the same fashion. It is our firm belief that consistent review of orthodox Christian beliefs, by way of a “question-and-answer” format, will help us gain a greater understanding and appreciation of Bible truths.
“till we all come to the unity of the faith and of the knowledge of the Son of God, to a perfect man, to the measure of the stature of the fullness of Christ; that we should no longer be children, tossed to and fro and carried about with every wind of doctine, by the trickery of men, in the cunning craftiness of deceitful plotting, but, speaking the truth in love, may grow up in all things into Him who is the head–Christ…” (Ephesians 4:13-15)
From the back of our January 19th Sunday bulletin:
LORD’S DAY 3
Q6. Did God, then, create man so wicked and perverse?
A6. No, on the contrary, God created man good*1 and in His image,*2 that is, in true righteousness and holiness,*3 so that he might rightly know God his Creator,*4 heartily love Him, and live with Him in eternal blessedness to praise and glorify Him.*5
1. CREATED MAN GOOD. Genesis 1:31. Then God saw everything that He had made, and indeed it was very good. So the evening and the morning were the sixth day.
2. IN HIS IMAGE. Genesis 1:26, 27. Then God said, “Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness; let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the air, and over the cattle, over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.” So God created man in His own image; in the image of God He created him; male and female He created them.
3. IN TRUE RIGHTEOUSNESS AND HOLINESS. Ephesians 4:24. And that you put on the new man which was created according to God, in true righteousness and holiness.
4. TO RIGHTLY KNOW GOD HIS CREATOR. Colossians 3:10. And have put on the new man who is renewed in knowledge according to the image of him who created him.
5. TO PRAISE AND GLORIFY HIM FOREVER. Psalm 8. (Read lengthy section in your Bible.)
Q7. From where, then, did man’s depraved nature come?
A7. From the fall and disobedience of our first parents, Adam and Eve, in Paradise,*1 for there our nature became so corrupt*2 that we are all conceived and born in sin.*3
1. FALL AND DISOBEDIENCE OF FIRST PARENTS. Genesis 3. (Read lengthy section in your Bible.)
2. OUR NATURE BECAME CORRUPT. Romans 5:12. Therefore, just as through one man sin entered the world, and death through sin, and thus death spread to all men, because all sinned.
Romans 5:18, 19. Therefore, as through one man’s offense judgment came to all men, resulting in condemnation, even so through one Man’s righteous act the free gift came to all men, resulting in justification of life. For as by one man’s disobedience many were made sinners, so also by one Man’s obedience many will be made righteous.
3. CONCEIVED AND BORN IN SIN. Psalm 51:5. Behold, I was brought forth in iniquity, and in sin my mother conceived me.
Q8. But are we so corrupt that we are totally unable to do any good and inclined to all evil?
A8. Yes,*1 unless we are regenerated by the Spirit of God.*2
1. TOTALLY UNABLE. Genesis 6:5. Then the Lord saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every intent of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.
Genesis 8:21. And the Lord smelled a soothing aroma. Then the Lord said in His heart, “I will never again curse the ground for man’s sake, although the imagination of man’s heart is evil from his you; nor will I again destroy every living thing as I have done.”
Job 14:4. Who can bring a clean thing out of an unclean? No one!
Isaiah 53:6. All we like sheep have gone astray; We have turned, every one, to his own way.
2. UNLESS REGENERATED BY THE SPIRIT OF GOD. John 3:3-5. Jesus answered and said to him, “Most assuredly, I say to you, unless one is born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.” Nicodemus said to Him, “How can a man be born when he is old? Can he enter a second time into his mother’s womb and be born?” Jesus answered, “Most assuredly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God.”
A Catechism For Boys and Girls
(Parents help children find references in Bible and read with them.)
Q29. What effect did the sin of Adam have on all mankind?
A29. All mankind is born in a state of sin and misery.
(Psalm 51:5; Romans 5:12, 18, 19; 1 Corinthians 15:21, 22; 1 John 5:19.)
Q30. What do we inherit from Adam as a result of this original sin?
A30. A sinful nature.
(1 Kings 8:46; Psalm 14:2, 3; 58:3; Ecclesiastes 9:3; Matthew 15:18-20; John 2:24, 25; Romans 8:7.)
Q31. What does every sin deserve?
A31. The righteous anger and judgment of God.
(Deuteronomy 27:26; Romans 1:18; 2:2; Galatians 3:10; Ephesians 5:6.)
Q32. Can anyone go to heaven with this sinful nature?
A32. No. Our hearts must be changed before we can be fit for heaven.
(Jeremiah 31:33, 34; Ezekiel 36:25-27; John 1:12, 13; 3:1-10; 1John 5:1, 4, 18.)
Remember it in song form:
if sinners entice thee,
consent thou not.”